Another year, another legendary jazz fest lineup. The famous New Orleans-based festival has announced its 2019 lineup and dates, with performers ranging from Alanis Morrisette to the Doobie Brothers, Santana to Katy Perry, and the Rolling Stones to J Balvin. The multi-weekend affair will take place from April 25 – April 28 and May 2 – May 5.

New Orleans Jazz Fest Tickets & Prices

Tickets to New Orleans Jazz Fest are on sale now. According to “with the exception of Rolling Stones Day, advance tickets to the Jazz Fest cost $70 through Feb. 1, after which prices rise to $75. The daily gate price is $85. Louisiana residents with proper ID may buy two tickets at the gate on “Locals Thursday” (April 25) for $50 each. Tickets for children 2 to 10 are $5 on all days except May 2.”

You can also buy Jazz Fest tickets via SeatGeek, where you can save $20 off your purchase by entering code JAZZFEST20 at checkout. Shop all SeatGeek tickets here or view select options below.

New Orleans Jazz Fest Dates 2019

April 25 – April 28 | May 2 – May 5

New Orleans Jazz Fest 2019 Lineup by Day

Weekend One

Thursday, April 25

Earth, Wind & Fire, Alanis Morissette, The Doobie Brothers, Ciara, Taj Mahal & the Phantom Blues Band, Boyfriend; The New Orleans Female Hip Hop Experience featuring Mia X, Ghetto Twins, 3D Natee, Keedy Black, Briki Fa President, DJ Westbank Red, and Downtown Leslie Brown; Amy Helm, BeauSoleil avec Michael Doucet, The Django Festival Allstars, Rev. John Wilkin, Rockin’ Dopsie, Jr. And The Zydeco Twisters, Meschiya Lake and The Little Big Horns, James Carter Organ Trio, Jason Marsalis, Darcy Malone & the Tangle, Pride of Zulu of South Africa, Diassing Kunda of Senegal, Chouval Bwa Traditionnel of Martinique, Gerald French & the Original Tuxedo Jazz Band, Kinfolk Brass Band, The Milk Carton Kids, Goldman Thibodeaux & the Lawtell Playboys, Toronzo Cannon, Jekalyn Carr, Ragtime to Jellyroll with Lars Edegran, Gal Holiday and the Honky Tonk Revue, The Revelers, Mia Borders, Shades of Praise, Rumba Buena, New Orleans Cottonmouth Kings, Joey Stylez, Cynthia Girtley’s Tribute to Mahalia Jackson, Franklin Avenue Music Ministry, Charlie Gabriel and Friends, Russell Batiste & Friends, Nigel Hall, Jeffery Broussard & The Creole Cowboys, Jonathon Long, Bill Summers & Jazalsa, Papo y Son Mandao, Fi Yi Yi & the Mandingo Warriors, The Speakerbox Experiment, Balfa Toujours, New Orleans Swamp Donkeys Traditional Jazz Band, Smitty Dee’s Brass Band, Sasha Masakowski & Art Market, Lulu & the Broadsides featuring Dayna Kurtz, Mainline, J. Monque’D Blues Revue, Jolynda “Kiki” Chapman, Tom Leggett Band, Native Nations Intertribal, Forest Huval Band, Jim McCormick, Michael Skinkus & Moyuba, Kid Simmons’ Local International Allstars, Craig Adams & Higher Dimensions of Praise, Grayson Brockamp and the New Orleans Wildlife Band, Lars Edegran Trio, 101 Runners, Forgotten Souls Brass Band, The Wimberly Family Gospel Singers, Grayhawk presents Native America Lore & Tales, Makueto Groove & Friends, Black Mohawk Mardi Gras Indians, Young Seminole Hunters Mardi Gras Indians, Arthur and Friends Community Choir, Devastation SA PC, Sisters of Change SA PC, Big Dog Brass Band, Loyola University Jazz Band, David Doucet, Arrianne Keelen, Chosen Vessels Dance Pac, Kat Walker Jazz Band: Scat with Ms. Kat, ISL Circus Arts Kids, Jeghetto’s Workshop, One Mind Brass Band, Women of Class SA PC, Jazzy Ladies SA PC, and Young Audiences Performing Arts Showcase.

Friday, April 26

Santana, The Revivalists, Jimmy Cliff, The Head and The Heart, The Robert Cray Band, Tab Benoit, The Subdudes, The Dirty Dozen Brass Band, Karl Denson’s Tiny Universe, Terence Blanchard featuring the E-Collective, Bonerama, James Andrews & the Crescent City All-Stars, Foundation of Funk featuring Zigaboo Modeliste and George Porter, Jr. with special guests Cyril Neville, Ivan Neville, Tony Hall and Ian Neville, Lean On Me: José James Celebrates Bill Withers, Motel Radio, Charmaine Neville Band, New Orleans Suspects, Dwayne Dopsie & the Zydeco Hellraisers, Chris Thomas King, Astral Project, Kathy Taylor and Favor, Darlingside Tribute to Danny and Blue Lu Barker featuring Detroit Brooks and Jolynda “Kiki” Chapman, The Roots of Music Marching Crusaders, Alvin “Youngblood” Hart’s Muscle Theory, Steve Riley & the Mamou Playboys, Le Vent du Nord of Canada, Ilê Aiyê of Brazil, PJ Morton, Shannon Powell: King of Treme & his Traditional Allstar Band featuring Barbara Shorts, Tim Laughlin, Brass-A-Holics, Spencer Bohren & the Whippersnappers, Jordan Family Tribute featuring Kidd, Marlon, Stephanie & Kent Jordan; Wendell Brunious & the New Orleans All Stars, Mem Shannon & the Membership, Josh Kagler & Harmonistic Praise Crusade, Big Chief Bird and the Young Hunters Mardi Gras Indians, Arthur Clayton IV & Anointed For Purpose, Da Truth Brass Band, Pride of Zulu of South Africa, Diassing Kunda of Senegal, Chouval Bwa Traditionnel of Martinique, Alexis & the Samurai, Luke Winslow King, Roger Lewis and Baritone Bliss, Keith Frank & the Soileau Zydeco Band, Louisiana Repertory Jazz Ensemble, Soul Brass Band, The Wanting, Kumasi, Javier Gutierrez & Vivaz!, 79rs Gang Mardi Gras Indians, Free Agents Brass Band, John Lawrence & Ven Pa’ Ca Flamenco Ensemble, Corey Ledet & His Zydeco Band, Ladies of Unity LLC, Big Nine SA & PC, Zulu SA & PC, Go Getters SA & PC, Free Spirit Brass Band, Wild Mohicans Mardi Gras Indians, Wild Apaches Mardi Gras Indians, University of New Orleans Jazz All Stars, Pastor Tyrone Jefferson, Jourdan Thibodeaux et les Rôdailleurs, Golden Sioux Mardi Gras Indians, Black Seminoles Mardi Gras Indians, Louis Ford & his New Orleans Flairs, Yvette Landry, McDonogh 35 High School Gospel Choir, McMain’s International Singing Mustangs Choir, Landry Walker Charter High School Choir, Jessica Harvey and The Difference, Santiman and Garifuna Generation, David & Roselyn, Deborah Hunt & Maskhunt Motions, Native Nations Intertribal, New Wave Brass Band, We Are One SA & PC, Keep-n-It Real SA & PC, Perfect Gentlemen SA PC, Adella, Adella the Storyteller and Amber Zu the Conductor, and KID smART Student Showcase.

Saturday, April 27

Katy Perry, Leon Bridges, Logic, Hurray for the Riff Raff, Boz Scaggs, Preservation Hall Jazz Band, Better Than Ezra, Rebirth Brass Band, Curren$y with guest Nesby Phips, Maria Muldaur’s Tribute to Blu Lu Barker, Gregory Porter, Lauren Daigle, Naturally 7, Sweet Crude, Septeto Santiaguero of Cuba. Dobet Gnahoré of Ivory Coast, Lil’ Nathan & the Zydeco Big Timers, Steve Earle & the Dukes, Ricky Dillard & New G, Sherman Washington’s Zion Harmonizers, Original Pinettes Brass Band, Pine Leaf Boys, Erica Falls, Mr. Sipp ”The Mississippi Blues Child,” The New Orleans Piano Professors: Celebrating Professor Longhair, James Booker, Jellyroll Morton, Fats Domino, Allen Toussaint, and Dr. John, The Cypress Band featuring Warren Storm & Willie Tee, Paul Sanchez & the Rolling Road Show, Kristin Diable & The City, Maggie Koerner, Germaine Bazzle, Louis Cottrell and Onward Brass Band Remembered featuring Dr. Michael White, The Legendary Rocks Of Harmony, Lars Edegran‘s New Orleans Ragtime Orchestra, Tom McDermott & Evan Christopher, Leroy Jones & New Orleans’ Finest, Preservation Brass, New Hope Baptist Church Mass Choir, Robin Barnes – The Songbird of New Orleans, Pride of Zulu of South Africa, Diassing Kunda of Senegal, Chouval Bwa Traditionnel of Martinique, Midnite Disturbers, Sunpie & the Louisiana Sunspots, Caesar Brothers FunkBox, Terry & the Zydeco Bad Boys, New Orleans Mardi Gras Indian Rhythm Section, Sweet Cecilia, Aurora Nealand & The Royal Roses, High Steppers Brass Band, Dumaine St. Gang SA & PC, Divine Ladies SA & PC, Family Ties SA & PC, Native Nations Intertribal, Lisa Amos, Justin Garner, Javier Olondo and AsheSon, Blodie’s Jazz Jam, Lawrence Sieberth featuirng Fareed Haque, Marshland, Johnny Sansone, Connie and Dwight Fitch with the St. Raymond & St. Leo the Great Choir, Young Guardians of the Flame, Messy Cookers Jazz Band, Frishberg Family Band, Watson Memorial Teaching Ministries, Semolian Warriors Mardi Gras Indians, La Tran-K Band, Tonia Scott & the Anointed Voices, E’dana & Divinely Destin, Johnette Downing and Scott Billington, Delgado Community College Jazz Band, Tornado Brass Band in memory of Darryl Adams, Single Ladies SA & PC, Single Men SA & PC, New Generation SA & PC, Nine Times SA & PC, Black Hawk Hunters Mardi Gras Indians, Wild Red Flames Mardi Gras Indians, DJ Blaza, Versailles Lion Dance Team, The RRAAMS, and Grey Seal Puppets.

Sunday, April 28

Van Morrison, Al Green, J Balvin, Bonnie Raitt, Irma Thomas, The O’Jays, Ellis Marsalis Family Tribute featuring Wynton, Branford, Delfeayo, and Jason with Ellis Marsalis; Jerry Lee Lewis, Indigo Girls; Tribute to Dave Bartholomew and Fats Domino with special guests Bonnie Raitt, Irma Thomas, Davell Crawford, Jon Cleary, and Al “Lil Fats” Jackson featuring the Fats Domino Orchestra; The Rance Allen Group, Walter Wolfman Washington & The Roadmasters, Deacon John, Davell Crawford, Royal Teeth, The New Orleans Jazz Orchestra’s Tribute to Aretha Franklin, Tribute to Louis Prima featuring Louis Prima, Jr., John Boutté, Meschiya Lake, and Wendell Brunious, Big Chief Monk Boudreaux & The Golden Eagles, Givers, Roddie Romero & the Hub City All-Stars, Luther Kent & Trickbag, Sunpie & the Louisiana Sunspots. ‘Give the Drummer Some’ featuring Herlin Riley, Shannon Powell, Terence Higgins, and Johnny Vidacovich, Mdou Moctar of Niger, Dobet Gnahoré of Ivory Coast, Ilê Aiyê of Brazil, Treme Brass Band, Stephanie Jordan Big Band, The New Orleans Klezmer All Stars, Ed Volker, Flow Tribe. Helen Gillet, Naughty Professor, Curley Taylor, Cedric Burnside, Tribute to Jo “Cool” Davis with Cordell Chambliss & the Gospel All-Star Band featuring Barbara Shorts, Charles Moore and more, Betty Winn & One A-Chord, New Breed Brass Band, Maurice “Mobetta” Brown, Leo Jackson & the Melody Clouds, Da Souljas Brass Band, The Creole Jazz Serenaders with Don Vappie, The Palm Court Jazz Band featuring Sammy Rimington, The Furious Five SA & PC, Untouchables SA & PC, Young Men Olympia Aid SA & PC, Pride of Zulu of South Africa, Zulu Gospel Male Ensemble, Jambalaya Cajun Band with special guest Johnnie Allan, Bamboula 2000, Dr. Brice Miller & Mahogany Brass Band, Roderick Harper Quartet, NOCCA Jazz Ensemble, The Circle of Chiefs, Boukou Groove, Dave Jordan & the NIA, The Daiquiri Queens, Shining Star Hunters Mardi Gras Indians, Young Brave Hunters Mardi Gras Indians, Chouval Bwa Traditionnel of Martinique, Glenn Hartman and the Earthtones, Val & Love Alive Choir, Driskill Mountain Boys, Topsy Chapman & Solid Harmony, Frog and Henry, Anaïs St. John presents Lulu White Queen of Storyville, Ashe Cultural Arts Center Kuumba Institute, Pastor Terry Gullage and Kingdom Sound, Washboard Leo Thomas, Pastor Mitchell J. Stevens, New Orleans Dance Collective, Native Nations Intertribal, Big 6 Brass Band, Uptown Swingers SA & PC, First Division SA & PC, New Look SA & PC, Big Steppers SA & PC, Big Chief Joseph Boudreaux, Jr. & the Young Eagles Mardi Gras Indians, Uptown Warriors Mardi Gras Indians, David Gonzalez, and Mesner Puppet Theater.

Weekend 2

Thursday, May 2

The Rolling Stones, Tom Jones, Ziggy Marley, Mavis Staples, Ivan Neville’s Dumpstaphunk, Rita Coolidge, Big Sam’s Funky Nation, Samantha Fish, Anders Osborne, Northern Cree of Canada, Cowboy Mouth, Regina Carter’s Southern Comfort, Creole String Beans, Nicholas Payton and The Light Beings, Eric Lindell, The Rising Stars Fife & Drum Band, 3L Ifèdé of Benin, Glen David Andrews, Marc Broussard, Banu Gibson, Geno Delafose & French Rockin’ Boogie, Tin Men, Bruce Daigrepont Cajun Band, Tonya Boyd-Cannon, The New Orleans Guitar Masters featuring John Rankin, Jimmy Robinson, and Cranston Clements, Dwight James & The Royals, Bryan Lee Six String Therapy, Pocket Aces Brass Band, Mark Braud’s New Orleans Jazz Giants, Alex McMurray, Billy Iuso & Restless Natives, Big Chief Charles & the White Cloud Hunters, Clive Wilson’s New Orleans Serenaders, Sons of Jazz Brass Band, The Pfister Sisters, Clay Parker and Jodi James, Audrey Ferguson & The Voices of Distinction, Lyle Henderson & Emmanu-EL, Julio y Cesar Band, The Chosen Ones Brass Band, Men Buckjumpers and Revolution Social Aid & Pleasure Clubs, Brandon Moreau & Cajungrass, Black Magic Drumline, The Jones Sisters, Isabel Davis, Sporty’s Brass Band, VIP Ladies and Original Four Social Aid & Pleasure Clubs, Pastor Jai Reed, Crescent by Choice, Cheyenne Mardi Gras Indians, and Chouval Bwa Traditionnel of Martinique.

Friday, May 3

Chris Stapleton, Gladys Knight, Gary Clark Jr., Los Lobos, Kamasi Washington, Kermit Ruffins & the Barbecue Swingers, Ani DiFranco, Sonny Landreth, Wayne Toups, North Mississippi Allstars, Cécile McLorin Salvant, Leo Nocentelli, Bobby Jones & The Nashville Super Choir, Batiste Brothers, Lost Bayou Ramblers, The Bahamas Revue Band, Crocodile Gumboot Dancers of South Africa, Voice of the Wetlands All-Stars, Shamarr Allen & the Underdawgs, Big Chief Donald Harrison, Jr., Matthew Whitaker Trio, Honey Island Swamp Band, John Mooney & Bluesiana, Leyla McCalla, Nathan & the Zydeco Cha Chas, Tribute to the Humphrey Brothers and Eureka Brass Band featuring Mark Braud, Jarekus Singleton, Ernie Vincent & the Top Notes, The Iguanas, The Bahamas Junkanoos, 3L Ifèdé of Benin, Northern Cree of Canada, Trumpet Mafia, Herbert McCarver & The Pin Stripe Brass Band, Papa Mali & Friends, The Rising Stars Fife & Drum Band, Chris Smither, Hot Club of New Orleans, Evangelist Jackie Tolbert & The Gospel Ensemble, Gregg Stafford’s Jazz Hounds, Cha Wa, Jermaine Hawkins and The Harvey Spirituals, James Rivers Movement, The Deslondes, Baby Boyz Brass Band, Michot’s Melody Makers, Jamil Sharif, The Iceman Special, Cedric Watson et Bijou Creole, T’Monde, Tommy Sancton’s New Orleans Legacy Band, St. Joseph the Worker Music Ministry, Comanche Hunters Mardi Gras Indians, John Mahoney Big Band, Patrice Fisher & Arpa with special guests from Brazil, Keith Burnstein’s Kettle Black, Grupo Sensacion NOLA, Ingrid Lucia, Jackson Square Allstar Brass Band, Scene Boosters, Lady’s & Men Rollers, and Sudan Social Aid & Pleasure Clubs, Andrew Hall’s Society Brass Band, Mount Hermon Baptist Church Praise Delegation Choir, Tipitina’s Interns under the direction of Donald Harrison, Jr., The Swing Setters, Chouval Bwa Traditionnel of Martinique, Big Chief Keith Goodman & the Flaming Arrows Mardi Gras Indians, Erik McAllister, The City of Love Music & Worship Arts Choir, 7th Ward Creole Hunters and Golden Comanche Mardi Gras Indians, Dancing Grounds Elite Feet Dance Krewe & Youth Company, Joel Jones & 3MC, The Showers, New Generation Brass Band, Men of Class and Original Big 7 Social Aid & Pleasure Clubs, Kehoe France Choir, McMain Talented in Theatre Troupe, New Orleans Council on Aging Community Choir, and Theatre on Tap.

Saturday, May 4

Dave Matthews Band, Pitbull, Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band, Aaron Neville, Galactic, Tank and The Bangas, Big Freedia, Jupiter & Okwess of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, The Soul Rebels, Jonathan Butler and Gerald Albright, Shirley Caesar, Hot 8 Brass Band, Amanda Shaw, Marcia Ball, The New Orleans Classic R&B Legends featuring The Dixie Cups, Wanda Rouzan, Clarence “Frogman” Henry, and Al “Carnival Time” Johnson with Bobby Cure & the Poppa Stoppas, Chris Owens, The Kings of Zydeco: A Tribute to Clifton Chenier and Buckwheat Zydeco featuring C.J. Chenier, Nathan Williams, and the Ils Sont Partis Band, The Savoy Music Center Saturday Morning Jam, Tribute to Pete Fountain and Al Hirt featuring Tim Laughlin, Wendell Brunious, Ronnie Kole, and Doyle Cooper, The Earls of Leicester presented by Jerry Douglas, Kenny Neal with guest Henry Gray, Joe Krown Trio featuring Walter Wolfman Washington, The War and Treaty, John “Papa” Gros, Boukman Eksperyans of Haiti, Judith Owen, Alfredo Rodriguez and Pedrito Martinez, Jeremy Davenport, Leah Chase, Orange Kellin’s New Orleans DeLuxe Orchestra, Gregg Stafford & his Young Tuxedo Jazz Band, Crocodile Gumboot Dancers of South Africa, Storyville Stompers Brass Band, Mo’ Fess, New Birth Brass Band, Chubby Carrier & The Bayou Swamp Band, Northern Cree of Canada, The Johnson Extension, Andrew Duhon, Jesse McBride Big Band, New Orleans Spiritualettes, The Gathering of Chiefs: Walter Cook & The Creole Wild West Mardi Gras Indians with Family and Friends, George French & the New Orleans Storyville Jazz Band, Troy Turner, Panorama Jazz Band, 21st Century Brass Band, Undefeated Divas & Gents, Original Pigeon Town Steppers, and Lady Jetsetters Social Aid & Pleasure Clubs, Big Chief Juan & Jockimo’s Groove, Higher Heights Reggae, The Rayo Brothers, TBC Brass Band, The Bahamas Junkanoos, 3L Ifèdé of Benin, Mid-City Aces, Northside Skull & Bone Gang, Jermaine Landrum & the Abundant Praise Revival Choir, On the Levee Jazz Band, Rick Trolsen’s Neslorchestra, Chouval Bwa Traditionnel of Martinique, Christian Unity Baptist Church Youth Development Choir, The Gospel Inspirations of Boutte, Voices of Peter Claver, Kim Che’re, Lane Mack & the Balladeers, Clovis Crawfish & the All-Star Bayou Band, Square Dance NOLA with The Bayou Clogger String Band, Archdiocese of New Orleans Gospel Choir, OperaCréole, Southern University Baton Rouge Jazzy Jags, Young Fellaz Brass Band, Westbank Steppers, Original Nine Times Ladies, and Valley of Silent Men Social Aid & Pleasure Clubs, Miss Pussycat, 9th Ward Black Hatchet and Wild Squatoulas Mardi Gras Indians, and Stephen Foster’s Foster Family Music Program.

Sunday, May 5

Jimmy Buffett & the Coral Reefer Band, Trombone Shorty & Orleans Avenue with Nevilles, John Fogerty, Chaka Khan, Herbie Hancock, Maze featuring Frankie Beverly, Little Feat, Buddy Guy, The Radiators, The Mavericks, The Gospel Soul of Irma Thomas, Jon Cleary & the Absolute Monster Gentlemen, John Hammond, The Anointed Jackson Sisters, Cyril Neville’s Swamp Funk, Kermit Ruffins’ Tribute to Louis Armstrong, Tribute to Allen Toussaint with the Allen Toussaint Orchestra and special guests, Jupiter & Okwess of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, George Porter, Jr. & Runnin’ Pardners, John Boutté, Dr. Michael White & the Original Liberty Jazz Band with guest Thais Clark, Lil’ Buck Sinegal Blues Band with special guest Ironing Board Sam, Boukman Eksperyans of Haiti, Delfeayo Marsalis & the Uptown Jazz Orchestra, Terrance Simien & the Zydeco Experience, Fairview Brass Band Reunion, Savoy Family Cajun Band, C.J. Chenier & the Red Hot Louisiana Band, Tribute to Raymond Myles featuring The RAMS with guest Davell Crawford, Little Freddie King Blues Band, Stooges Brass Band, Mariachi Jalisco, Bobby Lounge, Roi “Chip” Anthony and Jeff Floyd, Carsie Blanton, The Electrifying Crown Seekers, 50th Anniversary Celebration of Gospel Soul Children with special guests, Tribute to Alvin Batiste with Herman Jackson and Friends, Yvette Landry & The Jukes, The Magnolia Sisters, Brother Tyrone & the Mindbenders, Big Chief Bo Dollis, Jr. & the Wild Magnolias, Crocodile Gumboot Dancers of South Africa, Tribute to GG Shinn featuring Gregg Martinez & the Delta Kings with TK Hulin and Charlene Howard, A Tribute to Aldus Roger featuring Jimmy Breaux, Johnny Sonnier & the New Lafayette Playboys, The Boudreaux Family Celebrates Big Chief Monk Boudreaux, Northern Cree of Canada, Caroline Jones, Alexey Marti & Urban Minds, Doreen’s Jazz New Orleans, New Leviathan Oriental Fox-Trot Orchestra, Paulin Brothers Brass Band, Sisters of Unity Social Aid & Pleasure Club, Hardhead Hunters Mardi Gras Indians, Real Love, Jonté Landrum, DJ Captain Charles, Treces del Sur, Hazel & the Delta Ramblers, 9th Ward Hunters, Young Maasai Hunters, and Algiers Warriors Mardi Gras Indians, Aucoin Family Cajun Band, Culu Children’s Traditional African Dance Company with Stilt Walker, Lilli Lewis, Young Pinstripe Brass Band, Tyronne Foster & the Arc Singers, Curtis Pierre and The Samba Kids, The Don “Moose” Jamison Heritage School of Music Band, The Dynamic Smooth Family Gospel Singers, The Bester Gospel Singers, Da Knockaz Brass Band, Original New Orleans Lady Buckjumpers, Prince of Wales, and Good Fellas Social Aid & Pleasure Clubs, Ben E. Hunter, Seminoles Mardi Gras Indians, Real Untouchable Brass Band, Ole & Nu Style Fellas and Original C.T.C. Steppers, Xavier University Jazz Ensemble, Rising Dragon Lion Dance Team, Judy Stock, Kai Knight’s Silhouette Dance Ensemble, and Chouval Bwa Traditionnel of Martinique.